Common Terminology

The Mudansha ranks in Tensoku Ryu primarily study skills, practices, Kata, and other curriculum materials based on Japanese martial arts. This suggests that much of the terminology you will encounter during instruction involves Japanese terms. In this article we will cover some of the more common terms you will encounter. You will likely want to Read More …

Blue Belt Reishiki and Attitude

Each new belt rank introduces a novel set of skills and experiences. These often require you to consider additional etiquette practices. They also require that you understand how you might initially react to new situations so you can avoid embarrassment and offending another practitioner. Reishiki The primary new skill you encounter in this belt is Read More …

Muscles of the Torso

We have previously discussed many of the muscles found in the torso. The muscles previously discussed involve movement of the shoulders, arms, hips, and legs. We will mention these muscles in passing in this article, but will rely on earlier curriculum discussions to cover their details. In this article we will discuss muscles found in Read More …

Muscles of the Lower Leg and Foot

Lower Leg Muscles The muscles of the lower leg reside in four facial compartments. A  surrounding each compartment serves to contain the compartment muscles and separate them other nearly structures. The lower leg has four facial compartments. These are the anterior compartment, lateral compartment, deep posterior compartment and superficial posterior compartment. Each compartment contains muscles generally dedicated Read More …

Muscles Affecting the Upper Arm

  Many different muscles help control movements in the upper arm. The thorax serves as a major anchor point for each of these muscles. The most substantial anchor points in the thorax include the scapula, clavicle, sternum, and ribs. Much of the discussion in this topic refers to anatomical names for movements. If you are Read More …

Smooth Muscle

Smooth muscle is found in organs and blood vessels throughout the body. Because these muscles help with organ function they cannot be controlled by conscious thought. The autonomous nervous system controls these muscles, making them involuntary muscles. Differences Because these muscles are not involved in locomotion, structural support, or fast action these muscles are quite Read More …

Cardiac Muscle

Cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle have a great many similarities. They also have a number of significant differences. We will primarily cover the differences in this article. We assume that you have already studied the nature of skeletal muscles. Cardiac Muscle Fiber Cardiac muscle is only found in the heart. The muscle fibers (cells) in cardiac Read More …