Passai Dai Kata

This version of these Kata is also called Matsumura no Passai after Matsumura Soko, the  person to whom the earliest version of this Kata is attributed. Matsumura was a martial arts instructor and body guard for the Okinawa royal family. The lineage of the Naihanchi, Kusanku, and several other Kata can be traced back through Matsumura.

You will see that this version is very similar to the Bassai Dai practiced by Shotokan Karate, although we have some minor differences in our version. As mentioned previously Passai Dai is the longest of the three versions of this Kata that we teach. When performing this Kata you should focus on having crisp and powerful movements that focus primarily on utilizing Otoko No Atemi Waza concepts. These Kata are not intended to be polite; they are instead intended to be powerful, effective, and yes, brutal.

Tensoku Ryu Passai Dai

This is the version of Passai Dai you will be taught and that you should practice in preparation for any future ranking examinations. As noted earlier, the version of Passai Dai that we teach is quite similar, though not identical, to the Bassai Dai Kata in the Shotokan system. Our version is also closely related to the Shito Ryu Bassai Dai Kata, but that version is a bit more divergent from our Kata than the Shotokan version. You might wish to review these other versions (or many others) for additional insights, subtleties, and potential Bunkai for this form.

The procedure below relies heavily on octagon angle abbreviations and on definitions for common Passai Kata sequences. You may wish to review the information in the See Also section at the bottom of the page if you are not familiar with these topics.

Passai Dai Kata Procedure

StepStance TransitionMovementNotes
IchiEstablish Heiko Dachi F1.Perform the traditional opening salutation.
NiSlide the left foot forward to form an extended Hidari Neko Ashi Dachi F1 and hold this position for a few seconds. Now quickly shift your weight onto your left leg then step R1L7 to form Migi Juji Dachi F1.Migi Jodan Morote Otoshi Uraken Tsuki T1.You might also deliver Migi Mae Geri as you step R1 during the transition to the Juji Dachi. You will see some styles use such a kick as part of this sequence. That’s just another possible use for this series of movements.
SanRotate CCW until you form a temporary Hidari Juji Dachi F2 then step forward R2 to form Migi Kokutsu Dachi F6.Lower both hands as you rotate then raise both open hands up to Jodan level along your center line. Now press both hands outward forming Morote Chudan Soto Shuto Uchi T6. After pausing briefly, deliver a Hidari Chudan Uke – Migi Age Uke combination T6.The lowered hands could represent a kick deflection or simply a preposition movement. Both open hands raise upward nearly vertically and then press outward. Some martial arts styles will step R8 and then focus action T2.
YonStep forward L6 to from Hidari Kokutsu Dachi F2.Issue a reinforced Hidari Ura Chudan Uke T2.The right hand rests against the left forearm.
GoRotate CW then slide the right leg T7 to form Migi Han Kokutsu Dachi F1.Issue Hidari Age Uke T1 followed by reinforced Migi Chudan Uke T1.
RokuStep Back R8 to form a deep Kiba Dachi F4.Concurrent with the stance transition issue a low Migi Gedan Barai T4. Now raise upward somewhat in your stance as you deliver Migi Age Uke T4.
NanaStep forward L7 into Hidari Han Kokutsu Dachi F4.Issue a reinforced Hidari Ura Chudan Uke T4 followed immediately by Hidari Age Uke T4.The left hand rolls quickly from one block to the next.
HachiStep R6 into Migi Han Kokutsu Dachi F4.Issue a reinforced Migi Ura Chudan Uke T4.
KuStep R4 then L6 to form Migi Juji Dachi F4.With the first step positions both open hands down near your left hip. While transitioning to the final stance raise both hands back, up, then forward and down to strike with Morote Chudan Tate Shuto Uchi T4.This could be a striking sequence or (e.g. front hand restrains opponent’s arm s back arm impacts face).
JuStep L3 and sink abruptly into Kiba Dachi F1.Pull the left arm inward briskly as you deliver Migi Chudan Ken Tsuki T1. Finally, chamber both hands above the right hip.You might be pulling the opponent into your punch.
Ju IchiLook T1 then step L3R3 to slide into a low Kiba Dachi F1.Pause momentarily after establishing the Kiba Dachi then rise upward to form Hachiji Dachi and deliver Migi Chudan Ken Tsuki T1.The left leg makes a long step and then the right leg slides in the same direction. This has the appearance of shuffling into a Kiba Dachi. The right leg normally moves inward somewhat as you transition to the Hachiji Dachi.
Ju NiStep L5 to form Migi Zenkutsu Dachi F1.Deliver Migi Ura Chudan Uke T1.In some styles the stance transition occurs without a step and there is a slight lean to the left as though avoiding an incoming strike. This lean is less necessary if you step L5 to move your torso off the line of attack. The lean would be beneficial if you simply shift into Zenkutsu Dachi without stepping.
Ju SanSlide your left leg back and inward to form Hachiji Dachi F1.Strike with Hidari Chudan Ken Tsuki T1.
Ju YonStep R7 to form Migi Zenkutsu Dachi F1.Deliver Hidari Ura Chudan Uke T1.In some styles the stance transition occurs without a step and there is a slight lean to the right as though avoiding an incoming strike. This lean is less necessary if you step R7 to move your torso off the line of attack. The lean would be beneficial if you simply shift into Zenkutsu Dachi without stepping.
Ju GoSlide the right foot inward to form Migi Han Kokutsu Dachi F1.Migi Down ShutoThink of different ways this and the next two sequences can be used in isolation and as part of single technique.
Ju RokuStep L5 to form Hidari Han Kokutsu Dachi F1Hidari Down Shuto
Ju NanaStep forward R7 to from Migi Han Kokutsu Dachi F1.Migi Down Shuto
Ju HachiStep back R6 to form Hidari Kokutsu Dachi F1.Deliver an open hand Hidari Ura Chudan Uke followed immediately by a front hand grab T1.The left palm will complete this movement a Chudan level with the palm facing downward as though grasping the opponent’s shoulder, wrist or arm.
Ju KuTwist CCW into Hidari Juji Dachi F1.Pull the left arm inward abruptly as you deliver Migi Chudan Shotei Uchi T1. Do not return the right arm.The stance remains a fairly wide stance.
Ni JuPull the left leg back to form a narrower Hidari Juji Dachi F1.Strike with Migi Mawashi Empi Uchi T1. This might also be thought of as a Mae Empi Uchi T1.Traditionally the left arm is positioned to mimic the position of the right arm. You might also utilize an effective guard for the left hand.
Ni Ju IchiRaise the right knee up abruptly T1, eventually stepping forward into Migi Han Kokutsu Dachi F1.Open and lower both hands as you begin a Migi Knee to Stomp sequence. At the conclusion of the stomp deliver Migi Mae Empi Uchi T1.Again the left arm is traditionally up to mimic the right arm position.
Ni Ju NiRotate CCW and step L7 to form Hidari Kokutsu Dachi F4.Strike with a horizontal reinforced Hidari Chudan Shuto Soto strike T4.This might be thought of as a neck strike or perhaps as a Spider’s Flick or Spear Hand to the eyes.
Ni Ju SanRotate CW and step R5 to from Migi Kokutsu Dachi F3.Strike with horizontal reinforced Migi Chudan Shuto Soto strike T3.This might be thought of as a neck strike or perhaps as a Spider’s Flick or Spear Hand to the eyes.
Ni Ju YonStep R8 to form Migi Han Kokutsu Dachi F2.Migi Reinforced Shuto T2.
Ni Ju GoPull the right leg back to form a temporary Migi Renoji Dachi F2.Raise both open hands upward to Jodan Level at your center line.This might be thought of as Morote Jodan Soto Shuto Uke.
Ni Ju RokuStep forward R8 then slide the back leg L2 to establish a shuffling Migi Han Zenkutsu Dachi F2.Strike with Morote Chudan Soto Tettsui Uchi T2.These could be strikes to the elbows or ribs, or might be used to force an opponent’s hands downward. Naturally one can think of other uses as well.
Ni Ju NanaPull the right leg back to form Migi Renoji Dachi F2.Chamber both hands on the left hip.This is only a temporary or preparatory step leading directly into the next movement.
Ni Ju HachiStep forward R8 then slide the back leg forward to form Migi Han Zenkutsu Dachi F2.Strike with Morote Chudan Ken Tsuki T1.Both fists strike directly forward. You could think of this as concurrent Gyaku Tsuki and Oi Tsuki.
Ni Ju KuTurn CCW and step L5 to form Hidari Han Kokutsu Dachi F1.Hidari Gedan Barai – Migi Ura Chudan Uke Combination.The right hand ends up behind the right ear. Both hands are closed.
San JuStep forward R1L7 to form Migi Juji Dachi F1.Migi Gedan Barai – Hidari Ura Chudan Uke CombinationThe left hand ends up behind the left ear. Both hands are closed.
San Ju IchiRotate CCW and step L6 to form Hidari Sochin Dachi F2.The closed right hand and open left hand are chambered above your left hip.The right hand is positioned with the palm facing up.
San Ju NiExtend the left hand, palm facing up to perform Hidari Soto Ura Shotei Uchi T2. Do not return this strike but rotate your hand so it is positioned vertically. Now kick with Migi Mikazuki Geri T2 allowing the kick to strike into your open left hand.Avoid having your open hand slap your foot. Instead, have the foot strike into your open hand.
San Ju SanPlant the kicking leg forward R8 to form Migi Han Zenkutsu Dachi F2.Deliver reinforced Migi Ura Chudan Uke T2.This might also be delivered as a reinforced Migi Tate Uraken Tsuki T2.
San Ju YonLeave your right hand in its current position but move the left hand down and back then briskly strike forward with Hidari Chudan Ken Tsuki T2.There is no change in stance position, but you may wish to employ some rotation of center.
San Ju GoLeave your left hand in its current position but move the right hand down and back then briskly strike forward with Migi Chudan Ken Tsuki T2.There is no change in stance position, but you may wish to employ some rotation of center. Both hands are extended T2 at the end of this sequence.
San Ju RokuChamber both closed hands above your left hip.Rotate your torso slightly CCW as the blocks are delivered.
San Ju NanaShift your weight onto your back leg.Raise the front leg to deliver Migi Soto Sune Uke T2.Rotate your torso slightly CW as the blocks are delivered.
San Ju HachiPlant the front leg back in its original location then shift into Migi Zenkutsu Dachi F2.Strike with Morote Chudan Ken Tsuki T2.The strikes are concurrent with the stance change.
San Ju KuPull the right leg in and rotate CW to form Heisoku Dachi F8 while looking T2.Chamber both hands above your right hip.The left fist will rest atop the right fist. Both palms face one another.
Yon JuStep L6 into Hidari Sochin Dachi F2 then abruptly rotate into Hidari Zenkutsu Dachi F2.Concurrent with the last rotation strike with Morote Chudan Ken Tsuki T2.The Sochin Dachi might be used to impact and then manipulate the opponent’s front leg as you turn to strike..
Yon Ju IchiPull the left leg in and rotate CCW to form Heisoku Dachi F6 while looking T2.Chamber both hands above your left hip.The right fist will rest atop the left fist. Both palms face one another.
Yon Ju NiStep R8 into Migi Sochin Dachi F2 then abruptly rotate into Migi Zenkutsu Dachi F2.Concurrent with the last rotation strike with Morote Chudan Ken Tsuki T2.The Sochin Dachi might be used to impact and then manipulate the opponent’s front leg as you turn to strike.
Yon Ju SanRotate CCW and step L5 to from a Hidari Zenkutsu Dachi F1.Deliver Migi Ura Chudan Uke T1.Of course the hand could have other uses here as well.
Yon Ju YonShift into Migi Zenkutsu Dachi F1.Deliver Hidari Ura Chudan Uke T1.
Yon Ju GoRotate CCW and allow the left leg to slide T8 to form Hidari Kokutsu Dachi F3.Hidari Reinforced Shuto T3.Some styles use a wide Renoji Dachi aligned along the three-four axis instead of Kokutsu Dachi. This might be used if the Shuto was intended, at least in part, as manipulation.
Yon Ju RokuRotate Clockwise, allowing the right leg to slide T6 to form Migi Kokutsu Dachi F4.Migi Reinforced Shuto T4.Some styles use a wide Renoji Dachi aligned along the three-four axis instead of Kokutsu Dachi. This might be used if the Shuto was intended, at least in part, as manipulation.
Yon Ju NanaPull your right leg in to form Heiko Dachi F1.Yoi
Yon Ju HachiPerform the closing salutation and Yame

See Also

The Octagon
Common Passai Kata Sequences

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